ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORISATIONS FOR LISTED ACTIVITIES
The National Environmental Management Act
An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in terms of the National Environmental Management Act, 1998 (Act No. 107 of 1998)
(NEMA) is a systematic process to identify potential positive and negative impacts (biophysical, socio-economic and cultural)
on the environment associated with a proposed activity. It examines management measures to minimise negative and optimise
positive consequences. The aim is to prevent substantial detrimental eﬀects on the environment. According to the NEMA,
sustainable development requires the integration of social, economic and environmental factors in the planning,
implementation and evaluation of decisions to ensure that development serves present and future generations.
In order to give eﬀect to the above, a number of listed activities have been identiﬁed, which may have a detrimental eﬀect
on the environment and require authorisation prior to such activities commencing. Three separate listing notices, detailing the
listed activities, are published in GN R983, GN R984 and GN R985 in GG 38282 of 4 December 2014 respectively, promulgated
in terms of Section 24(5) of NEMA. Activities listed in GN R983 and GN R985 requires that a Basic Assessment (BA) be undertaken.
These are generally smaller scale activities or activities where the predicted impacts are generally known and can be easily
managed. Applications subject to GN R984 require that an Environmental Scoping Report (ESR), Environmental Impact
Assessment Report (EIAR) and an Environmental Management Plan (EMP) be compiled.
Regulation 12 of the NEMA Regulations (GN R982 in GG 38282 of 4 December 2014), stipulates that an applicant wishing to
undertake any listed activity must appoint an independent Environmental Assessment Practitioner (EAP) to manage the
application process on behalf of the applicant.
The National Environmental Management: Waste Act
The National Environmental Management: Waste Act, 2008 (Act No. 59 of 2008) (NEM:WA) fundamentally reformed the law
regulating waste management, and for the ﬁrst time provides a coherent and integrated legislative framework addressing all
the steps in the waste management hierarchy. The objects of the NEM:WA are to protect health, well-being and the
environment by providing reasonable measures for, inter alia, remediating land where contamination presents, or may present,
a signiﬁcant risk of harm to health or the environment. The objects of the NEM:WA are structured around the steps in the
waste management hierarchy, which is the overall approach that informs waste management in South Africa. The waste
management hierarchy consists of options for waste management during the lifecycle of waste, arranged in descending order
of priority; i.e.: waste avoidance, reduction, re-use, recycling, recovery, treatment, and safe disposal as a last resort.
The NEM:WA provides for a licensing regime speciﬁc to waste management activities. It replaces the historical system of
permits issued in terms of the repealed Section 20 of the Environment Conservation Act, 1989 (Act No. 73 of 1989) (ECA). The
NEM:WA waste management categories determine the environmental assessment procedure (which is the equivalent of the
NEMA Regulations’ requirements) required to obtain a licence. Category A activities need a BA as deﬁned in the NEMA
Regulations. A BA is appropriate where the environmental impact of a particular activity is well understood and limited in
scope. Category B activities require a full EIAR in terms of the NEMA regulations. An EIAR is appropriate where the potential
scope and extent of environmental impacts are not well understood, or is likely to be signiﬁcant.
The National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act
The National Environment Management: Air Quality Act, 2004 (Act No. 39 of 2004) (NEM:AQA), which repealed the Atmospheric
Pollution Prevention Act of 1965, came into eﬀect on 11 September 2005. The objectives of NEM:AQA are to protect the
environment by providing reasonable measures to protect air quality, prevent air pollution and to give eﬀect to Section 24(b)
of the Constitution. NEM:AQA must be read in conjunction with NEMA, which provides framework legislation and establishes an
integrated environmental management system for South Africa.
Within NEM:AQA, the control and management of emissions relates to the listing of activities which requires the issuing of
emission licenses. In terms of Section 22, no person may conduct an activity listed on the national list (or provincial list) without
an atmospheric emission license. In addition, the Minister may in terms of Section 29(1)(a) declare any substance contributing
to air pollution as a priority pollutant. Any industries or industrial sectors which emit these priority pollutants will be required
to implement a Pollution Prevention Plan.
GCS’ employees are well skilled EAPs and can undertake BA and EIA processes in fulﬁlment of the legislative requirements. The
Environmental Unit aims to provide a cost eﬀective service in this regard and will ensure that the applicant is provided with a
practical and eﬀective EIA and EMP.
ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORISATIONS FOR LISTED ACTIVITIES – GCS PROJECT DATA
|2014||Beeshoek Iron Ore Mine||Beeshoek BAR for 1,4 km road||Beeshoek|
|2014||Northam Platinum Limited||Booysendal EIA and EMP Amendment Application||Booysendal Mine|
|2014||Gold One||Cooke Operations Tailings Backfill Plant: Specialist Studies Peer Review||Cooke Operations|
|2014||Quantum||Extension of Provisional Air Emission License||Ballengeich|
|2014||Modikwa Platinum Mine||Modikwa EMP Performance Assessment and Rehabilitation Calculation||Modikwa Mine|
|2014||SiVEST||Mqabe Powerline Specialist Review||Johannesburg|
|2014||JT Ross||Rinaldo East Industrial Estate EIA||Durban|
|2014||Royal Haskoning DHV||Royal Haskoning - Cathedral Road Slump Enviro||Cathedral Peak Road|
|2013||RSK Environment Ltd||Bumbuna Environmental Review||UK Branch|
|2013||Kangra Coal (Pty) Ltd||Design and perming of new coal discard dump||Maquasa East|
|2013||Torrex Mining||Desktop Environmental Assessment||Vischkuil, Springs|
|2013||Assmang Limited||Dwarsrivier Chrome Mine GN704 Exemption Application||Dwarsrivier Chrome Mine|
|2013||DH Engineering Ltd||EIA Study for Limulunga-Lukulu Road||Western Province Zambia|
|2013||DRA SA||Environmental Hydrogeological Hydrological Legal & Soils|
and Wetlands Analysis
|Proposed Molo Graphite Mine|
|2013||SiVEST||Eskom 88kV Powerline Kleveland-Dalkeith||Johannesburg Environmental Unit|
|2013||Forbes Coal (Pty) Ltd||Forbes Coalfields Calcining Plant||Coalfields|
|2013||Platinum Group Metals||Maseve Housing Project: Baseline Environmental Assessment||Rustenburg|
|2013||Bondit Right Trading||Milky Way Shopping Centre EIA||Durban|
|2013||Hatch Goba||Mukulu BFS Amendment Process||Mukulu Mine|
|2013||Sirocco Mining Inc||Orca Gold Environmental Baseline Study||Sudan|
|2013||PaperCor Maratek||Papercor Maratek NEM:WA Authorisations Process||Johannesburg|
|2013||Northam Platinum Limited||Salvage Yard Waste Licence Basic Assessment||Zondereinde Mine|
|2013||Triplo4||Translation of BID document||Culvert Durban|